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把握抗击疫情带来的教育契机
胡敏 胡玫
s006ia.icu  2020/2/25 20:24:46  来源:光明日报
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最好的教育往往来自经历和体验,所有危机都是绝佳的教育契机。疫情笼罩,孩子们在本次疫情中有着深刻的体验,这是一次很好的思考生命意义、发展社会情感能力、了解自然法则、树立学习榜样的机会。

1.加强“生命教育”

TANSUOSHENGMINGYIYI。CONGJIAOYUDEBENZHILAIJIANG,SHENGMINGJIAOYUSHIYIZHONGQUANRENJIAOYU,TABUJINJINSHIDAZHONGRENZHIZHONGGUANHUSHENGSIDEJIAOYU,GENGSHIDUISHENGMINGZISHENSHIMINGYUYIYITANXUNDEJIAOYU。TADEZHONGJIMUBIAOSHIRANGMEIYIGERENDOUZHIDAO“WOSHISHEI”,BINGQIEZHAODAOZIJIDUTEDESHENGMINGJIAZHI。ZAIYIQINGMIANQIAN,YIHURENYUAN、KEYANZHUANJIA、RENMINJUNDUI、GONGGONGGUANLIZHEMENFENDOUZAIYIQINGYIXIAN,YIHURENYUANQUANLIJIUZHIHUANZHE;KEYANZHUANJIAYEYIJIRIDIJINXINGYANJIUFENXI;RENMINJUNDUIBUFENZHOUYEDIGAOXIAOWANCHENGYIYUANJIANSHE,KUODAJIUZHIKONGJIAN,RONGNAGENGDUODEHUANZHE;GONGGONGGUANLIZHEDIAODUGEXIANGZIYUAN、CHUTAIXIANGYINGZHENGCE,QUEBAOJIUZHIGONGZUOSHUNLIKAIZHANYIJIGONGMINJIANKANGHESHEHUIWENDING。TAMENDOUZAIZIJIDEGANGWEISHANGSHIXIANZHESHENGMINGJIAZHI。HAIZIMENYEKEYICONGXIANZAIKAISHISIKAO,ZIJIDEXINGQUHEYOUSHISHISHENME?WEILAIXIANGYAOCHENGWEIZENYANGDEREN?ZIJIDESHENGMINGJIAZHISHISHENME?ZHEIXIEWENTIBUYIDINGMASHANGNENGGOUZHAODAODAAN,DANTAMENNENGGOUDAIZHEZHEIXIESIKAOQUCHENGZHANG,JIUSHICIKEDEJIAOYUJIAZHI。

飞禽走兽影院 QIDISHENGMINGZHIHUI。RENDUISHENGHUODELINGWUCONGNALILAI?WOMENMEIGERENZAICONGXIAODAODADEJINGLIZHONGDOUHUIYOUTONGYANGDEGANSHOU:FUMUJIANGLEHENDUODADAOLI,DANZHENZHENGDERENSHENGJINGYANQUANBULAIZIWOMENZIJIDETIYAN。WOMENDETIYANYUESHENRU,LINGWUJIUHUIYUESHENKE,JINGYANYUEFENGFU,ZHIHUIJIUHUIYUEFUZU。RENSHENGCUOZHEJIANNANKUNKUHEMEIYICIZHIANSHIKEDOUSHIKAIQIZHIHUIDAMENDEYAOCHI。TONGGUOBEISHANGLEJIESHENMESHIXINGFU,TINGDAOZAOYINXUEHUIXINSHANGJIJING,SHIQUZHIAIDONGDEZHENXIYONGYOU,YUDAOJIANNANCAIXUEHUIQUSIKAORUHEBIANDEQIANGDA。YINDAOQINGSHAONIANDUIWEIJIBAOCHIKAIFANGJIENADETAIDU,ZHENGQUEKANDAIMEIYICIRENSHENGDIGU,JINGYOUZHEIYANGDESIKAOHUODEDEZHIHUISHISHENGMINGZUIHAODELIWU。DANGYIGERENYONGYOUZHEIYANGDEXINTAI、SHIJIAOHESIWEIMIANDUISHENGMINGZHONGSUOYOUDEFASHENG,XIGUANJIANGSHENGMINGZHONGSUOYUDAODEKUNNANZHUANHUAWEIRENSHENGQIANJINDEZIYUAN,SHENGMINGDEZHIHUIBIANHUISHISHISHENGQI,BUDUANZHULITAMENZIWOSHANBIAN。ZHEIYANGDESHENGMINGTAIDU,SHIWOMENLIUJIHAIZIMENZUIZHONGYAODERENSHENGCAIFU。

TISHENGSHENGMINGGEJU。WOMENHAIXUYAORANGHAIZIZHIDAOSHENGMINGCHULESHIXIANZIWOJIAZHI,HAIYAOGUANZHUTARENDEJIAZHI,CHENGDANSHEHUIZEREN。WOMENYAOYINDAOQINGSHAONIANQUGUANCHAYOUNAXIEZHIYESHIYONGSHENGMINGLAIJIUZHISHENGMING,YONGSHENGMINGLAIHUANXINGSHENGMING,YONGSHENGMINGLAISHOUWEISHENGMING,YONGFUCHULAICHENGJIUTAREN,YONGXISHENGLAIBAOWEIGUOJIA,RANGQINGSHAONIANRENSHIDAOZHEIYANGDEZHIYEFEICHANGZHIDEZUNJING。RENBUJINYAODUSHANQISHEN,GENGYAORONGTONGXIEZUO。SHENGMINGZAIHUANFAZIJIDUYOUDEGUANGMANGSHI,YEZAIXIANGHUZHAOLIANG,YINGXIANGZHENGGESHEHUI。DANGHAIZIMENZAICHENGZHANGZHONGZHUJIANFAXIANZIJIDESHENGMINGJIAZHI,NENGGOUZAIZHENSHISHEHUIZHONGBUDUANTIYANYIJILEISHENGMINGZHIHUI,BINGQIEYUTARENLIANJIESHIXIANSHEHUIJIAZHI,ZHEIJIUSHIZAIGOUJIANRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTI。

2.重视“社会情感能力教育”

飞禽走兽影院 SHEHUIQINGGANNENGLI(Social Emotional Learning,SEL),SHIWEIRAORENDEQINGXUHESHEHUIXINGFAZHANERJINXINGDEJIAOYU。LIANHEGUOJIAOKEWENZUZHIJIANGSHEHUIQINGXUNENGLIQUEDINGWEI21SHIJIZHONGYAODEHEXINNENGLIZHIYI,BINGZAIQUANQIUFANWEINEITUIGUANGQIXUEXIJIHUA。SHEHUIQINGGANNENGLIZHIERTONGXUEXILEJIEHEZHANGKONGZIJIDEQINGXU、JUECHATARENDEQINGXUHEXUYAO、KAIZHANLIANGHAODERENJIHUDONG,ZUOCHUFUZERENDEJUEDING、YOUXIAODICHULIGEZHONGWENTIDEXUEXIGUOCHENG。ZHEIGELINGYUKEYANZHANDEHUATIHENDUO,BENWENJINCONGLIANGGEQIERUDIANTAOLUN。

XUEXIQINGXUDIAOJIE。YIQINGFANGKONGQIJIAN,DANGHAIZICHUXIANGUODUJIAOLVDEQINGKUANG,TONGCHANGSHIYOUYUCHENGNIANRENDEJIAOLVQINGXUCHUANDIJILEHAIZI,CISHICHENGNIANRENYINGXIANDIAOJIEHAOZIJIDEQINGXUZHUANGTAI,CAINENGRANGHAIZIHUODEANQUANGAN,CONGRONGJIJIDIMIANDUIYIQING。ZIWOQINGXUDIAOJIEDEFANGFAYOUHENDUOZHONG:KETONGGUOFUSHISHENHUXI、JINGGUAN(ZHENGNIAN)MINGXIANGDENGFANGSHIRANGZIJIHUIFUPINGJING;KEYIGANSHOUQINGXUDAILAIDEBUSHI,JIENABUSHIGANDECUNZAI,YUQIGONGCHUZHUJIANPINGJING;KEYIYUQINYOUJIAOTAN,XIANGQIQINGSUYIXUNQIUANWEI;KEYIJIANGZHUYILIJUJIAOZAIZIJIGANXINGQUDESHISHANG,ZHUANYIZHUYILI;YEKEXUNQIUZHUANYEDEXINLIZHICHI,HUANJIESHENXIN、TANSUOZIWO。

飞禽走兽影院 FAZHANSHEHUIXINGSHIJIAO。RENHESHIWUDOUYOUQILIANGMIANXING,SHIDUDEJIAOLVYEYOUZHUYUHAIZIQIDONGJINJIQINGKUANGXIAYINGJUBEIDESHENTIYUJINGJIZHI,FAZHANFENGXIANFANGKONGNENGLI,CONGERJINXINGZHUDONGZIWOBAOHU。YINCI,RUGUOHAIZIBIAOXIANCHUGUODULEGUANYESHIXUYAOGUANZHUDE,ZHEISHIYOUYUTAMENQUEFAXIANSHITIYAN,HAIMEIYOURENZHIDAOYIQINGYURICHANGSHENGHUODEGUANLIAN。ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,XUYAOWEIHAIZIYINRUSHEHUIXINGSHIJIAOJINXINGTAOLUN,YINDAOTAMENSIKAOZHEICIYANZHANGLEDEHANJIADETESHUXING,LIJIEYIQINGDEYANJUN,YIJIRURUOFANGHUBUDANGJIANGDUIZIJIHETARENDESHENGHUOZAOCHENGNAXIEYINGXIANG,DENGDENG。

3.普及“自然教育”

YIQINGQIJIAN,GUANYUXINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUDELAIYUAN,SHIKEYANRENYUANQUANLITANSUODEGONGJIANZHONGDIAN。ZAIZHEIYANGDEFEICHANGJIAQILI,JIWOMENCHUANGZAOLEYUHAIZIYIQIRENSHIZIRAN、TANSUORENYUZIRANGUANXIDESHIJI。

RENYUZIRANDEGONGCHUFAZE。SHENGTAIXUEZHONG,MEIGESHENGMINGZAIZIRANJIEDOUYOUZIJIDESHENGTAIWEIJIQIGONGNENG。MOUXIEWUZHONG,KANSIYURENLEIWUGUAN,DANYURENLEIGONGTONGGOUCHENGLEZIRANJIEDEPINGHENGXITONG。YIDANMOUGESHENGTAIWEIKONGQUELE,ZIRANJIEJIUHUISHIQUPINGHENG,SHENGTAIDEDUOYANGXINGJIUHUISHOUDAOYINGXIANG。YINCI,MEIYIGEWUZHONGDOUSHIDAZIRANBIBUKESHAODEZUCHENGBUFEN。CIWAI,SHENGTAIXITONGSHIYIGEWENDINGDEXITONG,SUOYOUWUZHONGGESIQIZHI,SUOYOUDEYUEJIE、KUAWEIDOUHUIDAPOYUANYOUDEWENDING,WENDINGBEIDAPOHOU,ZHONGXINHUIGUIWENDINGXUYAOFUCHUGENGDADEDAIJIA。RENLEIXUYAOTONGGUOXUEXIGENGDUODEGUANYUZIRANDEZHISHI,JIAQIANGDUIZIRANDELEJIE,CONGERQINGXIZIJIZAIZIRANJIEZHONGDEDINGWEIYIJIYUQITAWUZHONGDEBIANJIE。WOMENKEYIYINDAOHAIZIMENQULEJIEJINNIANLAICHUXIANDEQIHOUBIANHUAHEZIRANZAIHAI,JINERQUTANSUORENLEIYUZIRANDEGUANXI。LIRURUHEKANDAIQUANQIUBIANNUANXIANXIANG,RUHEGAISHANTURANGWURANDEWENTI,RUHEBAOHUHAIYANGZIYUAN,ZUIZHONGRANGHAIZIMENTONGGUORENSHIZIRAN,JINGWEIZIRAN,BAOHUZIRANLAIXUANZEZIJIDEJIANKANGSHENGHUOFANGSHI。

飞禽走兽影院 JINGYOUZIRANHUIGUIRENWENFANSI。TONGLI,RENLEISHEHUI,RENYURENZHIJIANDEXIANGCHUYECUNZAIBIANJIE。DANGBIANJIEBEIQINRAOHUODAPO,JIUHUIDAILAIBUSHUSHIGAN,YANZHONGSHISHENZHIYINFAMAODUNHUOCHONGTU。WOMENKEYIYINDAOHAIZILAILIJIERENYURENZHIJIANDEBIANJIE,LIRU,ZAISHENMEYANGDEQINGKUANGXIAHUIGANSHOUDAOBEIDARAOHEQINFAN,DANGSHIHUIYOUSHENMEYANGDEGANSHOU,YINGGAIYISHENMEYANGDEFANGSHIQUBIAODAHEYINGDUI。TONGYANG,YEYAOXUEXIHUANWEISIKAO,CHANGDAOTONGLIXIN,QULIJIEBIERENDEBIANJIEHEQUANYI,QUSIKAOZENYANGZUODUITARENSHILIMAODE、ZUNZHONGDE、BUDARAODE。

4.突出“榜样教育”

飞禽走兽影院 BANGYANGJIAOYU,ZAIRENDESHEHUIHUAGUOCHENGZHONGFAHUIZHEBUKETIDAIDEZUOYONG,YINWEIRENDECHENGZHANG,SHIZAIBUDUANDIGUANCHAHEMOFANGZHONGKAISHIDE。YANGJIANGXIANSHENGCENGSHUO:“HAODEJIAOYU,BANGYANGDEZUOYONGHENZHONGYAO。”BANGYANG,JIRENYIXINGWEICANZHAO、JILIQIDIHEJIAZHIXIANGDAO。ZAIQINGSHAONIANXINZHONGSHULIZHENGQUEDEBANGYANG,JIUSHIHAODEJIAOYU。GAIGEKAIFANGSISHIDUONIANLAI,WOMENSHULILEHENDUOZHENGQUEDEBANGYANG,JISHEHUIDAILAIHENDUOZHENGXIANGYINGXIANG。ZAIXINDELISHISHIQI,WOMENYINGZAIBANGYANGPINZHIHEJIAZHIDAOXIANGSHANGGENGTIEJINQINGSHAONIANDERENGEFAZHANXUYAO,DUITAMENLAISHUO“NENGMOFANG,ZAISHENBIAN,KEQINJIN,KEGANSHOU”SHIHENZHONGYAODEBANGYANGSHULIBIAOZHUNHEYUANZE,JIANYIJIATING、XUEXIAOHESHEHUIKEYIKAIZHANYIXIAZHUTIDETAOLUNHEFENXIANG。

飞禽走兽影院 JIUJINGYISHEIWEIBANGYANG?XIANGZHONGNANSHANYUANSHI、LILANJUANYUANSHIZHEIYANGDEREN,FUZHONGQIANXING,RUTONGSHENGMINGZHIGUANG,ZHAOLIANGWOMENZHANSHENGYIQINGDEQIANJINZHILU,TAMENJUEDUISHIQINGSHAONIANDANGZHIWUKUIDERENSHENGBANGYANG。LILANJUANYUANSHISHUO:“ZAIZHEICIYIQINGJIESHUHOU,XIWANGGUOJIAJINIANQINGYIDAISHULIZHENGQUEDERENSHENGDAOXIANG,BAGAOXINLIUJIDECAIJIANBEIDEKEYANRENYUAN、JUNSHIRENYUAN……”ZAIZHEIYANGDELISHISHIQI,TAIDUOBANGYANGDELILIANGZHIDENIANQINGYIDAIZUNJINGYUHONGYANG,NEIXIEJIANSHOUZAIYIQINGFANGKONGYIXIANDEMINJING,QIANWANGYIQUCAIFANGDEXINWENGONGZUOZHE,DAXUEZHONGJIANCHIPAISONGDEPUTONGKUAIDIYUAN,WEIYIQUTIGONGJIJIUFUWUDEZHIYUANZHE,BAOZHENGGONGGONGJIAOTONGYUNZHUANDEGONGJIAOSIJI,JIABANJIADIANSHENGCHANYILIAOWUZIDEGONGREN,HAIYOUGEXINGGEYEDEWUMINGYINGXIONGMEN……TAMENDOUSHI“ZUIMEIDENIXINGZHE”。

YINDAOQINGSHAONIANQUSIKAOSHEISHIGUOJIAZHENZHENGDEJILIANG?SHENBIANYOUNAXIEPINGFANERXIANHUODEBANGYANG?SHEHUIWEINANZHISHISHENFUYIXIAN,CHONGZAIZUIQIANXIANQUZHIMIANWENTIJIEJUEWENTIDEREN,SHISHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANDEZUIHAOCHENGXIANHEJINGSHENYITUO,YESHIWOMENDENIANQINGYIDAIZUIYINGGAIJINGPEIHEXIAOFANGDEBANGYANG。

BANGYANGYINGJUBEINAXIEPINZHI?JIAOYUHUIZHIJINGSHEN,CAIHUIYOUGENGDUODEYANGFEN。DANGQINGSHAONIANNENGGOULIJIEBANGYANGZUIJIBENDEPINZHI,JICHULEZUOHAOZIJIDESHI,HAIYAOTONGSHIDAJITARENCHENGDANSHEHUIZEREN。JIANJIANDI,ZAIZHENSHISHENGHUODETIYANZHONG,TAMENJIUZIRANHUIKAISHISIKAO,CHULEZHEIXIEHAIYOUNAXIEPINZHIYETONGYANGZHIDEXUEXI。DANGYOULEZHEIYANGDESIKAO,ZAICHENGZHANGGUOCHENGZHONGTAMENJIUHUIQUGUANCHASHENMEYANGDERENKEYICHENGWEIZIJIDEBANGYANG,YEZIRANHUIGUIBIDIAOBUFUHEZHEIYANGPINZHIDERENCHENGWEIBANGYANG,ZHEIJIUSHIJIAOYUZAITAMENXINLIZHONGXIADEZHONGZI。

  (作者:胡敏,系中国人民大学教育学院博士后;胡玫,对外经济贸易大学国际经济研究院副教授)


 
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飞禽走兽影院*BENWANGZHANSUOYOUNEIRONGJUNZHUANZAIZIHEFAWANGZHAN,RUGUONINRENWEIZHUANZAINEIRONGQINFANLENINDEQUANYI,QINGNINLAIXIN(,)SHENGMING,BENWANGZHANJIANGZAISHOUDAOXINXIHESHIHOU24XIAOSHINEISHANCHUXIANGGUANNEIRONG。

 
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