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高等教育发展形态面临深刻变革
李立国
s006ia.icu  2019/12/24 9:55:38
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  党的十九届四中全会强调,构建系统完备、科学规范、运行有效的制度体系,加强系统治理、依法治理、综合治理、源头治理,把我国制度优势更好转化为国家治理效能。今年,全国人大常委会执法检查组开展了高等教育法颁布以来的首次执法检查,检查报告在肯定我国高等教育发展成就的同时,深刻分析了高等教育面临的问题与深层次矛盾。如何固根基、扬优势、补短板、强弱项,需要解放思想、实事求是,坚持改革创新。本文认为,新时代我国社会主要矛盾的转化,将推动高等教育发展形态的转变,从目前我国高等教育现状和国际经验看,主要应通过评价机制改革、资源配置方式改革与治理改革来实现发展形态的转型,对我们如何实现由传统体系到现代化高等教育体系的内生转化具有一定的启发意义。


矛盾变化:推动高等教育发展形态变革

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  RUHESHIXIANGAODENGJIAOYUFAZHANXINGTAIBIANGE,JUTILAISHUOYOUNAXIEZHUASHOU?FAZHANXINGTAIDEZHUANBIANJUEDINGLEPINGJIAJIZHI、ZIYUANPEIZHIFANGSHIYUZHILIFANGSHIDEGAIGEMUBIAOYUFANGXIANG,CONGMUQIANWOGUOGAODENGJIAOYUXIANZHUANGHEGUOJIJINGYANKAN,ZHUYAOYINGTONGGUOPINGJIAJIZHIGAIGE、ZIYUANPEIZHIFANGSHIGAIGEYUZHILIGAIGELAISHIXIANFAZHANXINGTAIDEZHUANXING。

评价机制:分类、重质量、差异化

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资源配置:异质化、精细化、社会和市场导向

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治理改革:不越权、不缺位、依法办学

飞禽走兽影院   ZHILIGAIGESHISHIXIANFAZHANXINGTAIZHUANXINGDEZHIDUBAOZHANG。

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飞禽走兽影院   ZHUYAOMAODUNDEXINGZHIHEGAODENGJIAOYUFAZHANJIEDUANDETEDIANJUEDINGLEGAODENGJIAOYUFAZHANXINGTAI,YEJUEDINGLEPINGJIAJIZHI、ZIYUANPEIZHIFANGSHIYUZHILIFANGSHI。GAODENGJIAOYUFAZHANXINGTAIDEZHUANBIANSHIJISHANGSHILIANGGEWEIDUDEZHUANXIANG。DIYIGEWEIDUSHIGUIMOSUDUZHUANBIANWEIZHILIANGJIEGOU;DIERGEWEIDUSHIGOUJIANXIANDAIHUADEGAODENGJIAOYUTIXI。DANGGAODENGJIAOYUGUIMOZENGZHANGDAOYIDINGCHENGDU,JIUHUIYINQIZHUYAOMAODUNCONGZONGLIANGXINGDAOJIEGOUXINGDEZHUANHUA,JINERDAOZHICONGCHUANTONGTIXIDAOXIANDAIHUAGAODENGJIAOYUTIXIDENEISHENGZHUANHUA。XIANDAIHUAGAODENGJIAOYUTIXIDEXINGCHENGHUIYOUXIAOHUAJIEGAODENGJIAOYUFAZHANDEZHUYAOMAODUN,CUJINGAODENGJIAOYUDENEIHANSHIFAZHAN,JINERSHIXIANGAODENGJIAOYUXIANDAIHUADEFAZHANMUBIAO。

  (作者:李立国,系中国人民大学教育学院教授、副院长)


 
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